If you have an inflammation of the gums and your gums become reddish and bleed during brushing, you must be suffering from Gingivitis. Gingivitis is a minor form of gum disease which infects the gums when opaque is left to form around the teeth. Although the gums may be already irritated, there is no bone damage that has occurred at this point. It can still be stopped by brushing and flossing every day, as well as regularly visiting the hygienist for professional teeth cleaning.

The longer these bacteria are on the teeth, and they are allowed to accumulate along the gum line, the more destructive they become. When they are left untreated, the Gingivitis can evolve to Periodontal Disease.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is the infection of the tissues and bones around the teeth, including the gums, the root cover, the ligament, and the bone. It causes the gums to withdraw away from the teeth and open up gaps that become infected. If left untreated, the bones, gums, and tissue that reinforce the teeth are destroyed and the teeth may be lost.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease has very negligible warning signs, including:

• Bleeding gums while brushing
• Reddish and swollen
• Bad breath
• Bad taste in the mouth
• Disappearing gums
• Gaps or spaces between teeth and gums

Any of these symptoms may be a sign of a serious problem, which should be checked by a dentist before other complications develop. At clinics like Periodontal Specialists, dentists will have the ability to accurately provide a diagnosis and treatment options.

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Bleeding and swollen and gums are the earliest symptoms of gums that are infected with bacteria. If left untreated, your teeth can become so loose that they have to be extracted.

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

Plaque is the sticky substance that adheres to the teeth and becomes the cause of infection in the gums. It is the major trigger of periodontal disease.

However, there are also several other minor factors that contribute to the infection, like:

• Diseases
• Unstable hormones
• Genes
• Grinding of teeth
• Medicines
• Misaligned teeth
• Poor nutrition
• Smoking
• Stress

How to Prevent Periodontal Disease

Complete oral hygiene, daily brushing, and flossing can help to remove most of the plaque from your teeth and prevent periodontal disease. It is highly recommended that you should see your dentist twice a year. But if you already have gum disease, you may need to visit more frequently.

You may not be aware, but you may have periodontal disease already, like many adults in the U.S. That is why you need continuous regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations, so that you can be diagnosed and treated at the initial stage.

Brush your teeth twice a day, floss between your teeth daily, and make regular dental visits to make sure you keep all your teeth intact. The health of your teeth and gums is up to you.