Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the many active chemical compounds in cannabis. In some cannabis plants, it accounts for up to 40% of all active cannabinoid compounds. CBD oil is obtained from hemp that contains higher amounts of cannabidiol and very low amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) the chemical compound responsible for the “high” and psychoactive effects associated with cannabis. Since CBD is not psychoactive, it can be used for various medical conditions. Discussed here are four ways in which CBD helps in minimizing anxiety and depression.
Interaction with the Cannabinoid Receptors
In the brain, CBD interacts with CB1 receptors without activating them. Some companies, like Koi CBD, know that as a result, it prevents other chemicals such as THC from activating the CB1 receptors. In doing so, CBD reduces some of the effects of THC, such as anxiety and memory disturbances. CBD is an effective solution for anxiety caused by THC.
CBD for Anxiety and Depression
In one research project, researchers studied the brain to understand the parts that are involved with anxiety and depression. In this study, it was shown that CBD reduces blood flow to specific parts of the brain that are linked to anxiety such as the hypothalamus and amygdala. In anxiety disorders, these parts become overactive. CBD reduces the amount of blood supplied to them, hence it reduces their activity and as a result reduce anxiety.
Restoring Balance in the Endocannabinoid System
Apart from reducing anxiety, CBD also possesses antidepressant activities. Some forms of depression are associated with a dysfunction and imbalance in the endocannabinoid system of the brain. When such an imbalance occurs, the individual becomes stressed. CBD works to restore these imbalances and dysfunctions in a depressed patient, thereby reducing depression.
Interaction with Serotonin Pathways
Serotonin pathways are closely linked with depression and anxiety disorders. Some of the drugs used in management of depression increase the levels of serotonin in the brain synapses by inhibiting its re-uptake. Similarly, CBD acts as serotonin receptor agonist. This interaction with serotonin pathways plays a role in reducing symptoms of depression.
CBD is an effective method of managing anxiety and depression. The reduction of anxiety and depression by CBD is achieved through different mechanisms, all involving interactions in the brain. The major ways CBD reduces anxiety are by interacting with cannabinoid receptors and reducing blood flow to brain regions that cause anxiety. It reduces depression by restoring dysfunction in the endocannabinoid system and interacting with the serotonin pathways in the brain.